The referenced article was written by Albert Z. Carr. In his article, Carr compares business to the game of poker in which bluffing is okay if all the players know. Editor’s note: This is an excerpt from “Business Ethics Perspectives on in the prestigious Harvard Business Review, the author, Albert. Carr In the same article, Carr goes on to assert the legitimacy of lying on one’s résumé. The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public.
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This raises an important point regarding business ethics in general. Of course, there are rules to the game and certain things constitute cheating. Given the competitive nature of business like the competitive nature of poker there is a strong pressure to only follow the law. As an extreme case in point remember the Italian Tax case.
This is how business people ought to act; it is the right way to act in business; business people who act this way are virtuous. As a result, customers satisfy their needs, firms have higher revenue, the government collects more tax, and bluffing portion of the collected tax is also used to benefit less fortunate people.
Is business bluffing ethical?
Empiricism in Business Ethics: Free essay sample provided on this page should be used for references or sample purposes only. The question is whether this is justified. A Framework for Teaching Business Ethics.
First, there is a strong pressure to deceive in business.
For example, after watching shampoo commercials on television, consumers do not believe that using a certain brand of shampoo will make their hair exactly as shiny as shown on the commercial. To sum it all, the Utilitarian theory is very practical in this case, because profit is the goal for most businesses and satisfying needs is the goal of consumers.
Chris Provis – – Journal of Business Ethics 28 2: There, it was expected that everyone would bluff on their taxes. Like poker, business has its own ethics which are different from the ordinary rules of morality.
A maxim cannot be universalized if it contains a logical contradiction or a contradiction between two wills. Therefore unless the businessman totally cheated and lied to them about his or her product, they keep buying this product. The Moral Poker Face: The central point of criticism which Norman Gillespie raises in his article is that the business world is not, as Carr seems to think, fundamentally different from the rest of our lives.
Patricia Illingworth – – Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 1: Fritz Allhoff – – Journal of Business Ethics 45 4: Failing to engage in these practices puts one at a serious disadvantage. Viewing business bluffing through the two versions of the stakeholder theory yields two results.
Just check any companys business plan and one can see that all they want to do is increase profits, not be honest. Similarly, there are cases, according to Carr, where bluffing is acceptable in the business world. Gillespie specifically outlines three of these cases. According to Kant an action which can be universalized should be considered as a morally right. It is not hard to measure which consequence produces more happiness for people.
To call it a game is to trivialize what really amounts to the method people use to make a living. You cannot say that ia bluffing occurs in the business world it should occur.
Example research essay topic: Is Business Bluffing Ethical – 1,613 words
Science Logic and Mathematics. We aobert a boutique essay service, not a mass production custom writing factory. In his theory of Utilitarianism, Mill argues that if an action can cause both good and bad consequences, the way to judge whether this action is morally right ethiccal wrong depends on which action produces more happiness. If I am holding a pair of threes and you have a full house it is perfectly acceptable for me to bluff you out of your better hand and take the winnings.
As shown before with product exaggeration in commercials, customers accept the businessman’s bluff. Its Demise as a Subject Unto Itself. Apply this test to business bluffing.
This entry has no external links. His argument for this seems to rest on the presumption that the business world is, in some sense, fundamentally different than the world of private morality. It is usually just an exaggeration of a true fact.
In a game of poker, iw is a central part of the game and this is known and accepted by all the players. Should they lie, cheat, and steal? Dominic Martin – – Journal of Business Ethics 1: Then everybody would know that everybody else was making false promises and what was promised would never become a reality.
Business people dont mind business bluffing being universalized. The argument Carr makes seems to rest on two points. Let us create a perfect paper for you today!
These practices are morally legitimate. The business has a duty to be honest and to take into consideration the interests of all the stakeholder groups.
Albert Z. Carr, Is business bluffing ethical? – PhilPapers
In other words, ethicak a businessman says his product is the best, consumers tend to believe that it may be average or even close to the best but not necessarily the best. This is not only the case with shampoo commercials, but all kinds of other products. Consider the example he cites about an applicant filling out a psychological profile.